Principle 3: One step at a time - an incremental approach
The state must prioritize what is necessary, affordable, and financially viable and adopt an approach of incremental implementation of the transport master plan. Incrementalism is a development watchword. Deng Xiao Ping described finding the right development path as like crossing a stream by feeling the stones and stepping on them carefully. While we must have a long-term, comprehensive and holistic vision and plan, the implementation must be carried out step by step, programming systematic review and fine-tuning,, learning from successes and mistakes.
Penang state should start with just building one public transport system which can be incrementally expanded in an integrated and responsive manner. The Halcrow Plan has identified a few main arteries for tramlines and a thorough technical and financial feasibility study must be done by a truly independent transportation consultant (not a construction company). Halcrow estimated the building costs of a tram line between George Town and the airport at under RM2 billion, a number that is more realistic and affordable. We can embark on this and then move forward incrementally.